Image By Johns Corfu World

Image By Johns Corfu World

The Temple of Artemis is an ancient edifice in Corfu, situated just outside of town, built in archaic-style around 580 BC in the ancient city of Korkyra, in what is known today as the suburbs of Garitsa bay on the Analipsis hill. The temple was dedicated to Artemis and functioned as a sanctuary. It is known as the first Doric temple exclusively built with stone and is considered the first building to have incorporated all of the elements of the Doric architectural style.

A limestone structure created in the 6th Century BCE (600-580 BCE) during the Archaic Period, the temple became the blue print for other Doric temples and many of its buildings characteristics influenced Ancient Greek architecture.
The temple was a peripteral–styled building with a rectangular perimeter. With a width of 77 ft. (23.46 m) and length 161 ft. (49 m) and built on an eastward orientation so that light could enter the interior of the temple at sunrise. In the entrance stood a 10 foot tall stone Gorgon to guard the temple which had a beautiful carved pediment, telling the story of Medusa being killed by Perseus. The pediment is the oldest of its kind in Greece and is now housed in National Archaeological Museum in Corfu.

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